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Intro do Indian Jewellery

Naveli Deep
12 Feb , 2023

Discover the ideal jewellery that speaks to your soul! You will notice diverse kinds of Indian jewellery. From dazzling kundan to carefully crafted silver items. In this blog, let's explore the materials used, the exquisite designs and the roots of different types of Indian jewellery.

Introduction to Indian Jewellery

India is known for its exquisite jewellery since ancient times. Gold, silver, brass and copper were used to make jewellery. Gems were also added to give it a regal look. Jewellery was an expression of faith, spirituality, and power. Indians wrote scriptures about jewellery designs that women loved wearing. Traditional designs have changed but still have the same beauty.

Kundan jewellery is popular in India. It consists of necklaces, earrings, rings, and armbands. These are decorated with precious stones like rubies and emeralds. They are embedded using gold wire work which is called Kundan workmanship. Special tools like tweezers and hammers are used to give each piece its own character. These craftsmen have been using these techniques for thousands of years. Kundan jewellery can be found all over India.

Types of Indian Jewellery

India is famous for its unique jewellery designs. From Kundan to Temple Jewellery, the Indian subcontinent has lots of styles. Materials used range from gold to silver, with precious stones added for a regal look.

Kundan jewellery has been popular since ancient times. It is created by setting uncut diamonds into pure gold. Then, ornate designs featuring ancient artistry invisibly tie them together. Necklaces, earrings, tikas, pendants and rings are some of the items. Rubies, emeralds, sapphires and pearls are the most popular gemstones used.

Temple Jewels are inspired by Hindu Temple styles. They are made with solid gold or gold-plated alloys. They symbolize spirituality and feature deities like Lord Shiva and Goddess Sita. Geometrical patterns make them timeless pieces.

Meenakari Jewellery is known as Meenakari Jewels. It gets its name from the city 'meena', meaning enameled. This jewellery is popular in South India during the Mughal period. Intricate motif designs with colourful enamels fill any gaps between stones or gold. This makes them popular for weddings.

Kundan Bridal Jewellery

Kundan bridal jewellery is a must-have at South Asian weddings. It's created with gold and adorned with precious stones – rubies, emeralds, pearls and diamonds. Handcrafted to perfection, it can take days or even weeks to make. Kundan jewellery is made by soldering pure gold with other metals like copper and zinc, which are used to create the desired shape and design.

A kundan bridal jewellery piece consists of pendant sets, earrings, necklaces and armlets. They have settings for several precious or semi-precious stones that are placed above each other on special sheets. This 'kund' work gives the design a 3D effect, looking delicate yet grand.

Kundan jewellery originates from the Mughal period. Craftspersons developed legendary designs for dynasties in India and Central Asia. Today, we see kundan jewellery in traditional settings, designer apparel lines and fashion magazines. It's an effortless way to make a royal statement.

Materials Used in Indian Jewellery

Indian jewellery is as fashionable as the clothing it accompanies. Over the years, many materials have been used to create different pieces with special characteristics and aesthetics. Common materials include metals (such as gold, silver, copper and brass), gemstones and beadwork.

Gold is a precious metal and is often selected for jewellery-making due to its beauty, durability and malleability. Silver and copper are other metals that are traditionally used in India. Brass is cheaper but can be polished differently.

India has used semi-precious gems such as diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires to adorn jewellery since ancient times. These stones represent good luck and prosperity. Today, turquoise, lapis lazuli, coral and onyx are used in Indian jewelry.

Glass beads called 'pote' are often used in handcrafted jewelry from India. Kundan bridal necklaces or earrings feature large facets matched together like a mosaic pattern of smaller stones laced with wire strips cut into geometric shapes. The mughal influence can be seen in traditional pieces embellished with intricate glass beading. This type of work requires special skills learned through practice before achieving perfection. These pieces are dated back centuries ago!

Precious Stones in Indian Jewellery

Precious stones have been a favorite for making jewellery in India. Diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, topaz, and pearls are the most popular. These gems are abundant in the Indian subcontinent and have been treasured by kings. Gemstone jewellery dates back to the Mauryan period (322-185 BC).

The Mahabharata mentions buying and selling precious stones for adornment.

Kundan bridal jewellery uses coloured stones such as rubies, topaz, and yellow sapphire. When embedded in gold or silver, the brilliance of the stones is enhanced. Their regal aura makes them perfect for special occasions. Wearing these precious stones also has spiritual benefits. They are linked to physical wellbeing, peace of mind, and financial prosperity. There are many stories of people enjoying great fortunes after wearing these gems.

History of Indian Jewellery

The history of Indian jewellery is as old as the country itself. Jewellery has been an important part of the Indian culture for centuries. It has been used to adorn people, as well as to show religious beliefs and special occasions.

In ancient India, jewellery was worn for protection and beauty. It was made from gold, silver, copper, and 'panchaloha'(a blend of these four metals). It was carefully crafted with detailed designs, set with gems and stones like turquoise and pearl.

Kundan bridal jewellery gained fame in the 16th century. It involves setting uncut gems into gold or silver settings, with bandhani thread. Kundan jewellery is splendid and grand, symbolizing engagements and weddings. Nowadays, traditional jewellery has been fused with modern elements, creating fashionable pieces that are wearable daily while keeping their ethnic roots.

Trends in Indian Jewellery

Indian jewellery is inspired by culture and religion. It is used for different occasions and is often very intricate. Styles vary, with subtle changes and new trends emerging. Kundan bridal jewellery is one such trend. It is made of diamonds or stones set on gold plated metal.

This jewellery uses materials like yellow gold, white gold and rose gold. Semi-precious stones, glass bangles, freshwater black pearls and natural crystals are also used. Historical relevance often guides material choice. For example, ancient designs are used for weddings while allowing new interpretations in design.

Care and Maintenance of Indian Jewellery

Regular cleaning and maintenance are crucial for keeping your Indian jewelry beautiful and in top condition. Different care measures have to be taken depending on the type of Kundan bridal jewellery you have. Here are some tips:

  • Store in a dark, cool place as oxygen can oxidize metals over time. Put them in an airtight box or ziplock bag to prevent scratches.
  • Clean by wiping with a cloth or cotton ball dipped in mild soap and water. For gold and silver jewellery, use special cleaners like jewelry polishes or silver dips. Do not use chemicals to clean pearls – use only a damp cloth.
  • Check clasps and settings every few months. If necessary, take it to a reputed jeweler for repair. Do not attempt repairs at home!
  • Have regular checkups at specialized jewelers for further protection.
  • Avoid wearing Indian jewellery when swimming in water/chlorinated pools, applying lotions/sunscreens and being exposed to extreme temperatures (e.g. firework displays).

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